Science Group 2

International Women’s Day was in March and Science 2 members were asked to research the work of some well known and some lesser known women scientists. Below is a small taster. Can you find out more information about any of them?

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin 1910 – 1994
She is best known for her work in developing x-ray crystallography of biochemical compounds and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1964 for determining the complicated structure of vitamin B12. Dorothy was considered to be a woman of great intellect with an immense passion for science. As a science, crystallography has produced 28 Nobel Prizes, more than any other scientific field.
(Mark Jackson)

May-Britt Moser (born 4 January 1963)
May is a Norwegian psychologist and neuroscientist, who is a Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). She and her then-husband, Edvard Moser, shared half of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, awarded for work concerning the grid cells in the entorhinal cortex, as well as several additional space-representing cell types in the same circuit that make up the positioning system in the brain. Together with Edvard Moser she established the Moser research environment at NTNU, which they lead. Since 2012 she heads the Centre for Neural Computation.
(Sue Knight)

Sylvia Alice Earle (née Reade; born August 30, 1935) is an American marine biologist, explorer, aquanaut, author, and lecturer who has led over 100 expeditions logging more than 7000 hours underwater and received many international honours for her work. Sylvia has been a National Geographic explorer-in-residence since 1998 and was the first female chief scientist of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Named by Time Magazine as its first Hero for the Planet in 1998 and is also part of the group Ocean Elders, which is dedicated to protecting the ocean and its wildlife.
(David Jackson)

Rosalind Elsie Franklin (25 July 1920 – 16 April 1958) was an English chemist and X-ray crystallographer whose work was central to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), RNA (ribonucleic acid), viruses, coal, and graphite. Although her works on coal and viruses were appreciated in her lifetime, her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA were largely recognised posthumously.
(Alan Ratcliffe)

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